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A new study, published in JCI Insight by a team at the University of Michigan, examined America’s standing as the global leader in biomedical research output and funding. The study found that over the past 15 years, U.S. scientists have produced significantly more biomedical research publications and received more research and development funding than any other country in the world. However, the study noted that this U.S. dominance is slowly fading, by and large due to a shift towards U.S.-international collaboration, as well as skyrocketing investments in biomedical research by other countries, including China. The U.S.’s dwindling status as the global leader in scientific discovery can be directly attributed to federal investments in biomedical research, including the year-to-year uncertainty in funding at federal scientific agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health. Bishr Omary, senior author of this study and chief scientific officer of Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan’s academic medical center, said of the results, “If we continue on the path we’re on, it will be harder to maintain our lead and, even more importantly, we could be disenchanting the next generation of bright and passionate biomedical scientists.”